How To Grow Begonias From Seed Using 3 Easy Steps - Krostrade

Welcome to the Krostrade Marketplace, please excuse our appearance, we are still under construction.

How To Grow Begonias From Seed Using 3 Easy Steps

Preparation, planting, and maintenance should help you understand how to grow begonias from seed successfully. As dubbed by the University of Vermont Extension, this easy houseplant is beginner-friendly, so you shouldn’t be intimidated in propagating it from seeds. Additionally, you can use a greenhouse for starting begonias from seeds to ensure that they’ll get the ideal growing conditions without fluctuations. 

Remember that seeds, regardless of plant type, can be tricky to start with because they are vulnerable to damages from unpredictable conditions. However, you can benefit from beginning begonias from seeds because selections’ options to grow are extensive. Propagating begonias from seeds is also an effective yet affordable option, especially if you have existing plants to get your seeds from. 

How To Grow Begonias From Seed Using 3 Easy Steps

How To Grow Begonias From Seed Easily

 

Preparation

Like collecting calibrachoa seeds, you only need to check for seed pods when the begonia flowers begin to dry. Harvest the pods before they split open, which you can do by yourself over a piece of paper. This way, you can fold the paper into a funnel and pour the seeds onto a container. 

Leave the seeds for a week to dry further and use two papers to separate chaff and seeds. If you don’t have existing plants to get your seeds from, you can always check for reliable sources. The American Begonia Society recommends using the seed fund if you’re already a member. 

 

Planting

Using seeds is a convenient way to get new species of begonias. However, you want to delay sowing until March because starting early can prevent stem growth as the seedlings focus on tuber formation. You can avoid this drawback in productivity by using a greenhouse to ensure that the climate and light are optimal for their growth. 

For planting begonia seeds, remember to use clean and new seedling trays. Disinfect the trays beforehand to prevent fungal diseases and only use sterile seed-starting potting soil. However, indoor cultivation of begonias can use a soilless mix as recommended by the University of Vermont.

Please do not cover the seeds with soil when you sow them over the medium and make sure they have some spacing. Instead, cover the tray with clear plastic to keep the environment sterile and maintain moisture and humidity. Depending on the variety, the begonias will germinate from weeks to months since they have a moderate growth rate

Some gardeners noticed germination under five days, while others took months to grow. 

 

Maintenance

In the greenhouse, it will also be easy to use a growing light such as fluorescent bulbs to promote robust growth. The American Begonia Society emphasizes bright light as a requirement to create healthy seedlings for transplanting and successful maturity. The recommendation for light is to have them on for 14 hours at a distance of 6 inches from the container’s top. 

But what temperature is ideal for begonias? Remember that begonias are hardy from zones 8b to 11. Therefore, the perfect temperatures for them would be between 62 to 72°F. Afterward, maintain soil moisture without over-watering, and the best way to do so is by putting water below the tray for the soil to seep. 

What about fertilizing? You can feed the begonias occasionally with dilute soluble fertilizer in addition to using a potting mix when starting. Later on, move the seedlings to their individual plug trays when they grow two or three true leaves. 

 

When To Transplant Begonias From Seeds

Your hard work from preparation, planting, and maintenance will go in vain if you don’t study the specifics in transplanting begonias. As mentioned earlier, the growth of true leaves is a sign that you can transplant begonias. However, be gentle in lifting the plants and separating them apart. 

Like all plants, it’s crucial to get your begonias acclimated to the weather first. Start by letting your seedlings stay outdoors for a few hours per day, increasing time when the temperatures are warmer with nights above 50°F. If your plants didn’t show signs of struggling, you could plant them in the garden with partial shade without the risk of transplant shock.

 

Common Problems In Growing Begonias From Seed

Using a growing light should prevent the development of leggy seedlings. On the other hand, gardeners who forgot about sterilizing the seeds and planting materials run the risk of algae growth on their begonias. Lastly, proper watering should help you avoid drying out and damping off, so always check the soil moisture every day. 

 

Conclusion

Begonias are one of the best beginner-friendly plants that you can have in the garden. But if you want to have different begonias from time to time, you want to learn how to grow begonias from seed. Preparation, planting, and maintenance should help you ensure success until transplanting.

Start by collecting seeds or buy them from a reliable source, and then use a sterile tray with seed-starting potting soil. You can also use a greenhouse to maintain the ideal growing conditions such as temperature and growing lights for your begonias. Afterward, you can slowly harden your seedlings before transplanting them in the garden after the danger of frost has passed. 

Overall, proper management practices should prevent common problems such as damping off, drying out, algae growth, and leggy seedlings. Make sure to check your begonias’ conditions and ensure that you’re consistent with their optimal growing requirements. 

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Sign up to our newsletter!