How To Grow Arborvitae From Cuttings Successfully

If you’re interested to know how to grow arborvitae from cuttings, you only need to master three steps. Arborvitae is one of the most low-maintenance plants, so it’s not surprising that many gardeners are taking an interest in growing them. However, the easiest way to propagate them is from cuttings. 

You may also find it advantageous to root arborvitae in the greenhouse. Remember that cuttings require a stable environment to develop roots. Therefore, starting plants in the greenhouse would make establishment quicker. 

 

Before anything else, it’s important to emphasize there are different species under arborvitae. While this three-step guide is the general technique for growing arborvitae from cuttings, do the necessary adjustments and modifications to the methods according to the species that you are growing. 

 

How To Grow Arborvitae From Cuttings Successfully

Step #1. Cutting collection and preparation

Taking arborvitae cuttings is no different when you’re collecting sections from other plants. You want to select a healthy plant to ensure that it won’t get stressed after clipping its stem. Use a sharp and sterile knife to cut a tip of a branch at around 6 inches long at a 45-degree angle. 

Remember to check the stem itself for any damage and use clean tools to prevent the transmission of diseases. It would be best to take the section from a branch with new green growth at the tip but mature bark at the base for better rooting. Once you have taken the cuttings, prepare it for planting. 

You want to remove the leaves at the bottom part of the cutting and create a new cut to make more free contact between the soil and roots later on. More so, removing the leaves at the bottom half will prevent rot. You can also apply rooting hormone powder on the part where you remove the foliage at the end to encourage rooting faster. 

 

Step #2. Rooting

You should be ready to insert the cuttings in nursery pots after preparation. However, remember to prepare your containers with moist sand beforehand to prevent the cuttings from drying out due to waiting. Perhaps the most significant problem you must avoid in growing arborvitae from cuttings is letting them dry out and using a dry medium. 

Insert the cutting in the middle of the pot at a depth reaching half of its length. Firm the sand around the cutting to keep it upright and mist the cutting with water once more. To help create a moist environment crucial for root development, cover the container with a plastic bag, but make sure that it’s not touching the cutting. 

 

Step #3. Maintenance

An advantageous location to place the pots with arborvitae cuttings is the greenhouse. This way, you can keep them somewhere bright and warm but out of direct light. More so, the cuttings are sensitive to harsh climates such as wind and rain, and using the greenhouse will protect them as they develop. 

The maintenance practices left at this point is ensuring that the cutting is well-hydrated. Some gardeners even recommend misting every two hours. Usually, arborvitae cuttings will root by six weeks, and you can test this by gently tugging the base of the stem for resistance. 

Please wait for a month after the cuttings develop root before transplanting it to a container with potting soil. At this point, you must acclimate it gently outdoors before transplanting permanently outside in spring. The emphasis is necessary on keeping them somewhere partially shaded before the permanent transplanting to avoid transplant shock.

 

Caring For Arborvitae

 

Location

An area that receives full sun is best for growing arborvitae, and like most plants, you want to use a well-draining and fertile soil for your arborvitae. You can test your soil as well for its water retention quality, nutrients, and pH level. This way, you can make the necessary amendments to improve its structure, nutrients, and pH level. 

You can also keep your plants in the greenhouse if your soil is too long to be workable after the freezing season. Remember that the root system can get damaged under harsh conditions. Once you’re sure that it’s safe to grow outdoors, anticipate the spreading of arborvitae roots when digging the area for them. 

 

Water and fertilizer

As your arborvitae are growing, watering frequently is necessary to support them. This is especially crucial in the summer when the climate is dry. Drought damage is even a common problem with arborvitae. 

More so, spraying the foliage themselves should keep pests like spider mites at bay. On the other hand, you can fertilize arborvitae with an all-purpose feed in spring to further help its health. Some other instances where arborvitae will benefit from fertilizing are poor coloration, establishment, damages from pests and diseases, and slow growth. 

 

Conclusion

Arborvitae is composed of different species that will satisfy your shrub collection. Therefore, it’s advantageous to know how to grow arborvitae from cuttings to help you create more plants for the garden. You can simplify the process into collecting the cuttings, rooting them, and general maintenance. 

Remember to select a healthy section and prepare it before planting it into a moist medium. You can cover the pot with plastic and place the cuttings in the greenhouse to protect from unstable and harsh climates. Afterward, don’t forget to acclimate them before permanently transplanting outdoors. 

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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