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How To Germinate Pansy Seeds

Don’t worry about the steps on how to germinate pansy seeds; it’s very straightforward. All you have to do is place the pansy seed on the surface of moist soil and make sure that no light would pass through, as germination would be best in darkness.

You might need to grow pansy seeds indoors first as it takes time to sprout and requires extensive care during its germination state. Additionally, pansies are perfect for newbies since it requires minimal maintenance.

This particular flower often grows during colder seasons and will die during summer so that gardeners would plant pansies during winter or spring. To learn more about pansies, how you can grow and take care of them, specifically how to germinate pansy seeds, then just read on!

how to germinate pansy seeds

Steps In Germinating Pansy Seeds

Did you know that the word “pansy” originated from the French word pensée, meaning “thought”? A flower that symbolizes thinking or thoughts will make you wonder how it grows. In this section, we’ll understand the ways on how to germinate pansy seeds.

 

#1 Choose an ideal environment for pansies

A kind of plant that prefers cooler weather, pansies are usually planted during spring or fall. An enriched, well-drained soil will make these flowers bloom gracefully as you either place them on sunny or shady areas.

For warmer regions, do place pansies in shaded areas, especially if it’s still seedlings, due to its sensitivity to heat. Do not expose them from the heat of the late afternoon.

 

#2 Germinating pansies

Germination refers to the growth of a plant contained within a seed, a transition to a seedling. Plant growers need to consider the quality of soil, the amount of sunlight and water each plant to grow healthy and strong.

We advise you to follow these tips to make the pansy seed germinate:

  1. Bury the seed with soil until it is covered, as it requires darkness for germination
  2. Covering the pot with black plastic would be a great idea to keep in moisture
  3. Make sure the soil is damp and moist; keep it that way until seedling sprouts.
  4. Move the seedlings inside a greenhouse a week before you transfer it to the garden.

 

#3 Waiting time

Pansies need time to mature. It will take you 10 to 12 weeks for them to complete the germination stage. That is why it would be best to grow your pansy seedlings indoors for you to control all the elements affecting its growth before you place the plant outdoors.

Do the following steps before you plant pansies outdoors. Make sure to plant them 6 to 8 inches apart and water them regularly.

 

#4 Growing and maintaining pansies

Here are some tips you’d want to follow when caring for pansies:

  • remove spent flower heads to make pansies flower more and longer
  • cut the plants back and cover the soil with mulch to retain its moisture during the hotter season
  • During winter, as the temperature falls below freezing, add straw mulch to give utmost protection to pansies
  • Water your plants regularly to maintain its colorful bloom
  • Don’t be afraid to put all-purpose fertilizer around your pansies to help them grow (be sure not to use nitrogen-heavy fertilizers)
  • remove dead/faded flowers to make your pansies bloom more

Pansies would stop blooming during summer, but as fall returns, they will start to bloom. They can survive extreme and cold weather conditions. However, it is better to place your pansies before the freezing weather comes, preferably in spring.

 

#5 Sowing pansies outdoors

Even though growing pansy seedlings are better, you can still place pansy seedlings outdoors. If you want to do so, make sure to wait after the last frost or do it mid-summer before sowing it outside. When the temperature is at 65 F. (18 C.), it is preferable for pansy seeds to grow.

However, gardeners on warmer regions might need to sow the seeds during late summer or fall. While for harsher climates, it is best to grow pansy seeds in spring, as the ideal temperature for pansy plants to grow is around 65-75 F. (18-24 C.).

 

#6 Pests or diseases to look out for

Of course, you’d want to be as healthy as possible. Therefore, knowing what possible pests or disease could destroy your plant will help you take on preventive measures.

Here is a list of pest/disease to look out for in your garden:

  • slugs, snails, and aphids
  • rust
  • gray molds
  • mosaic virus
  • crown and root rot
  • downy or powdery mildew
  • spot anthracnose

Slugs are the most common enemy of pansy plants. You can either set-up a slug trap or sprinkle a bit of diatomaceous earth around the plants to prevent them from getting near the flowers.

 

Conclusion

You’d want to experience how fun gardening is? Then you might want to start growing pansies from seeds. Having to take care of such flowers will help your gardening skills improve. However, you’ll be needing patience, especially when handling the steps on how to germinate pansy seeds.

Always remember these factors to germinate pansy seeds: moist soil, temperature, and darkness. Make sure to supply all of the mentioned factors until seedling sprouts, and then you can transfer it outside to bloom.

Gardening is a hobby that relieves stress and beautifies your home; it can also be income-generating if you sell your crops. Nevertheless, seeing your plants bloom or bear fruit is truly rewarding. Follow this guide on how to germinate pansy seeds to start your garden. Thank you for reading!

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How To Prevent Root Rot In Hydroponics: 3 Useful Tips

If you’re a newbie gardener who’s looking to find ways to hone your skills, you’d want to learn how to prevent root rot in hydroponics even before this problem affects your plants.

Hydroponics can be advantageous to crops in more ways than one. However, it also comes with risks of diseases, such as root rot, which can be destructive or even lethal to your plants.

Unfortunately, there are no effective methods to recover the wilted parts that were affected by the root rot once it hits your plants. The only thing you can do if you do not want this catastrophe to befall your crops is to prevent it before it happens. Read on to learn more about this subject.

 

What is Root Rot?

Root rot is a disease that attacks the plant roots and causes them to suffer decay. This usually happens when a lack of oxygen supply occurs in the substrate.

To give you an idea, think about plant roots that are submerged in water that only has a little oxygen in it. Over time, the plant suffocates and dies.

Aside from rot and decay, this disease also leads to the proliferation of fungi that are naturally present in the soil. These include Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Pythium, Botrytis, Fusarium, or Phytophthora. As soon as fungi colonies start to grow, they tend to target the weakened roots and infect your precious plant babies.

Once the plant becomes infected, they won’t be able to take in what they need to grow – water, oxygen, and other nutrients. When this happens, it won’t be long before the plant dies.

 

What is Hydroponics?

In case you’re not aware, the term hydroponic is derived from a Latin word that means “working water”. To put it simply, hydroponics is an art that involves growing various types of plants without soil. If you’re like most people, the first thing that comes to mind when somebody talks about hydroponics would be a picture of plants with roots suspended into the water without using any type of growing medium.

 

Avoiding Root Rot in Hydroponic Systems

Detecting and identifying root rot can be tricky. When your plants get infected, their leaves and roots gradually wither until the whole crop itself dies from the lack of nutrients, which is a common symptom of many diseases.

 

What causes root rot in hydroponics?

One of the requirements in hydroponics systems is oxygen. Without it, your plants are basically on the road to death. On the other hand, lack of such is one of the major triggers for root rot, and it must be avoided at all costs.

Just like when planting in soil, you loosen up the ground so that your plants’ roots can have their required intake of oxygen. That is the case for crops grown in aqueous solutions as well. If they cannot breathe, they would not be able to grow.

Another agent for root rot is the temperature. The last thing you would want in your system are parasites that leech nutrients intended for your plants and infect the water during the process. In common terms, these fungi are called molds.

One of the best breeding grounds for these is warm and moist areas. For this reason, if the water temperature inside your reservoir is high, then you are susceptible to it. Something as minor as letting the solutions exposed to sunlight can already be a risk factor.

 

3 Useful Tips on How to prevent root rot in hydroponics

There is good news! Root rot in hydroponics can be prevented! Just follow these tips:

Tip#1: Use the right air pump

If you do not want root rot to affect your plants, you merely have to avoid its causes. If you need oxygen, keep the water bubbling by providing an air pump of appropriate size, and also give importance to proper ventilation in the room.

 

Tip #2: Maintain the temperature

The temperature should be maintained within the 70 to 80 degrees F range. Get rid of any materials that can make your system vulnerable to infections, and make sure not to disturb your crops while they are trying to grow.

 

Tip #3: Get rid of the rotten parts

However, if you failed in preventing the disease, then the rotten parts should be removed immediately. Cut them off as there is no chance of reviving them, and focus on the potential new growth instead. Fix your hydroponics system and eliminate the risks.

 

Why Give Greenhouse Gardening a Try?

Greenhouse gardening offers numerous benefits to greens aficionados who dare to take their gardening experience to the next level. Aside from acting as a shield against the effects of inclement weather, a mini, hobby, or semi-pro greenhouse can also serve as a protective layer that keeps harmful bugs and critters at bay.

What’s more, its enclosed structure allows you to control your plants’ growing conditions including the temperature, light, moisture, and ventilation of the greenhouse’s internal environment. With a controlled environment, you’ll be able to extend growing seasons and grow plants that aren’t native to your area.

 

Conclusion

No matter how well-informed you are about how to prevent root rot in hydroponics, you cannot completely eradicate the risks. Therefore, to avoid the worst-case scenario, you should be prepared to sacrifice the infected for the sake of others. While you’re at it, consider trying your hand at greenhouse gardening as well.

 

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