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Best Guide On How To Divide Orchids

If you’re unsure how to divide orchids the right way, you can simplify it into four steps. With over 22,000 species available, it’s not surprising that gardeners want to learn how to divide or propagate orchids in general. Nonetheless, the division is the best propagation method you can do if you’re going to clone orchids and create more copies of your beloved flowers. 

While orchids may not be the most beginner-friendly plant to grow, meeting their growing requirements and optimal conditions should guarantee success. Those who don’t trust their climate and outdoor conditions can consider growing orchids in the greenhouse to prevent potential problems. If you’re growing orchid divisions, using a controllable and stable environment like the greenhouse will indeed support their growth and survival. 

Best Guide On How To Divide Orchids

How To Divide Orchids For Beginners

 

Step #1. Preparation

Like how you’ll divide most plants, you want to prepare your parent orchid plant before starting anything. You’ll have an easier time freeing it from the pot if you water it first and let the water drain to create a moist medium. Be careful not to damage any roots, so keep a clean knife within reach for removing stuck roots on the pot. 

You also want to clean the plant from its previous potting medium. The residual medium often causes root rot with division because it creates damp pockets on the new mix. The old potting medium is even prone to deteriorating, so make sure to remove it as much as possible. 

Once your roots are free of the old medium, check for damaged or dead roots, and remove them with sterilized pruners. What do healthy orchid roots look like? You’re looking for greenish-white or chestnut brown color, and they should feel firm to touch compared to mushy and black dead roots or papery dehydrated roots. 

 

Step #2. Division

Up next is the orchid division and you should have a head start since there are noticeable markers for splitting it. What this means is that you’ll notice points that show the orchid growing in separate directions. These areas are good indicators to know where to divide the root ball. 

You can divide them by hand or sterilized knife as long as you aim to have three pseudobulbs per division. Having three pseudobulbs in each division is optimal to ensure that the orchid will flower again next year, and the waiting time is not as long as having less. 

You may also need to remove dried or dead pseudobulbs if you’re using an old orchid. However, it’s okay to leave and try to grow some back bulbs can grow. They can take some years to do so, so some gardeners use the ones with active growth instead. 

 

Step #3. Repotting

Once you have your divisions, you can repot them in clean and sterilized containers. What size container should you use for orchid divisions? In general, you can choose any pot as long as it is big enough to accommodate and anticipate the orchid’s growing root system. 

However, you don’t need to immediately get a large pot because it may not dry quickly. You can always repot and increase a size up as you go. The bottom line here is the best pot should fit the roots or at least two years of growth from dividing. 

Additionally, the container should provide good drainage and airflow to save you the risks of diseases. What medium should you use with your orchid divisions? Any potting mix should support their growth, but gardeners tend to get more success with perlite, sphagnum moss, and charcoal.

Once you have everything for planting ready, you can grow sympodial orchids in a way where their new growth faces the center, and the oldest pseudobulb is against the edge of the container. This orientation should provide enough space as your orchid grows. More so, it would be best to have the rhizome just below or at the same level as the top of the potting mix, and you may have to add stakes for support as the orchid establishes itself. 

 

Step #4. Maintenance

After planting the divisions, you can water them immediately but wait for several weeks before you start fertilizing. As your plants are growing, you want to check the medium and maintain its moisture regularly. Of course, you should also be always on the lookout for signs of pests and diseases to isolate infected plants and quickly treat them. 

Gardeners often start fertilizing with slow-release fertilizer after the month. Afterward, you can use liquid fertilizer monthly to help the orchids bloom in winter. You can use the greenhouse to adjust the conditions as the orchids grow, but make sure you’re providing the specific needs of your orchid species as well. 

 

Conclusion

Orchid propagation may seem intimidating, but learning them would help you have a thriving garden in the long run. If you know how to divide orchids, you can easily create copies of your favorite plants without buying them. To do so, carefully remove the plant from its pot. 

You’ll then remove all the previous medium and dead roots before putting the divisions in their new pots. The new pot should be big enough to accommodate up to two years of growth, and the medium inside could be any moist potting mix. Afterward, maintain moisture and wait for a month before you fertilize the orchids. 

 

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How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

Want to know how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds? Marigold flowers are a mainstay in most of the gardens. They bloom beautiful flowers all season long and they’re easy to grow from seed. Knowing how to save marigold seeds is essential if you want to continue growing them the next season.

Fortunately, harvesting marigold seeds are quite quick and easy. You only need to take the seeds from the flowers and let them air dry before storing them during the winter season. You can pack it up with a container or seed packets to save even more for the next growing season. Some of the marigold flowers are edible and best to mix in your salads to add a distinct flavor to it.

 

Tools You’ll Need to Harvest Marigold Flowers

The tools you’ll need to harvest marigold flowers include a basket or other available containers that can be used in harvesting flowers. You’ll also need some paper towels, a sharp knife, a pair of scissors, or gardening shears.

Since you need to evaluate or describe the process, get yourself some notes. Seed packets can be envelopes or closed-air containers excluding plastic containers and bags.

 

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Here’s how you can harvest marigold plants for flower arrangements and bouquets:

 

Letting Marigold Flowers Dry

It’s important to wait until the right time to collect marigold seeds. You can harvest the seeds when the petals are dry already (when the base of each flower turning brownish). However, make sure there’s still is a bit of green color left in the base of the bloom. If you also wait until it is completely turned brown, it may start to rot or mold. It’s important to wait for the perfect time to harvest marigolds since the timing is crucial to have the right quality of marigold seeds.

Tip in harvesting: While you are harvesting, simply cut each marigold flower heads using your cutting equipment or either pinch it with your finger. However, be sure not to pull the flowers as it can harm the roots of your marigolds.

 

Opening the Marigold

Get your paper towel and set it on a flat surface. After, hold each bloom’s base, pull-off, and discard the petals and leaves of it. Then, you will easily notice the attached seeds inside the base. In the meantime, set the prepared blooms on your paper towels for bulk removal of seeds. You may also use larger towels to manage and accommodate the abundant blooms of your marigolds.

 

Removal of Marigold Seeds

Marigold seeds are likely to have a long, slender, and pointed appearance. Divided ends with black color and white color on the opposite edge. Gather your blooms, pull-off all petals, and leaves, and start pulling the seeds from the base. After getting all marigold seeds, discard the base in a single place like in bins or garbage bags. After sorting, put another paper towel on another flat surface and spread the pulled marigold seeds on it.

 

Drying of Seeds

As mentioned above, let your marigold seeds air dry for about a week in an uncovered paper towel. It will enable them to be preserved even in frost season and will prevent it from getting rot and mold.

 

Seed Storing

After drying the seeds, gather them and start placing them inside your seed packets to prolong their lifespan and will still be used after the frost date. Do not use plastic bags in storing your marigold seeds because it will retain residual moisture, which will affect your marigold seeds and even get rot and mold. To avoid forgetting about your marigold seeds, put a label on it to prevent possible disposal if unlabeled.

 

Using Stored Seeds for Replanting

After storing your collected marigold seeds, it is perfect to plant during the growing season. You can enjoy once again the benefits of it from house beautification to an edible ingredient for your salad.

 

Facts about Marigold Flowers

Marigolds are especially good for repelling insects and pests, making them companion plant for tomatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, and chili pepper because of its pungent scent of some variety. It is amazing having this kind of flow in your plant, imagine you don’t only have a beautiful attractive garden but having also a very natural insect and pest repellent that will protect your plants from any abrogation.

African marigolds have larger flower heads on plants that grow from 10 to 36 inches tall. While French marigolds are smaller and bushier, having only two inches of flower head across on plants and only having six to eighteen inches height. Sizes and colors vary on its classification, having a mixed combination is pretty great, will also add more pleasant and abundant color to your garden.

 

The Benefits of Growing Marigolds in a Greenhouse

Have you ever thought of growing your marigolds in a greenhouse? If you haven’t, it’s time to consider getting a greenhouse.

Greenhouses are great for keeping your marigolds safe from pests and diseases. Marigolds are susceptible to insects and blight, such as caterpillars, aphids, leaf spots, and mildews. You can lower the risk of plant damage by growing your marigolds in a greenhouse.

Additionally, greenhouses can also keep your plants safe from bad weather that could easily damage your flowers.

 

Final Thoughts on How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Knowing how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds is crucial if you’re planning to plant them in your garden. These beautiful flowers that usually come in yellow and orange colors are a great addition to any garden or flower arrangement.

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