How To Diffuse Light In The Greenhouse - Krostrade

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How To Diffuse Light In The Greenhouse

It’s essential to know how to diffuse light in the greenhouse, and you have three easy methods to choose from. We all know the importance of using a grow light in the greenhouse, but gardeners sometimes overlook how light diffuses indoors. Did you know that plants work better with diffuse light than direct light?

You might think that light itself doesn’t need help to distribute well, but the effects of well-diffused light would benefit your crops in ways that significantly show difference. For example, a study has shown a higher photosynthesis rate, resulting in better growth and yield among plants. The even distribution of light also helps maintain proper temperatures indoors when there is high irradiation from outside. 

 

How To Diffuse Light In The Greenhouse

How To Diffuse Light: 3 Best Methods For The Greenhouse

 

Method #1. Using films

The first and perhaps the most common method to diffuse light efficiently is by using films onto your greenhouse. There are many options in the market that include white and frosted products. Some films offer multiple layers for direct, diffused, and refracted light if you want something permanent and more adaptable to environmental conditions. 

When choosing a film to diffuse light, it would be more convenient to use an adaptable one, so you don’t run the risk of a common problem with light distribution during winter. Remember that you don’t want to block direct sunlight, especially in the winter, and a basic white film won’t work well for this. Instead, opt for films that will modify according to the light conditions. 

 

Method #2. Using covers

Besides films, you can also use covers for the greenhouse, such as glass, acrylic, and polycarbonate. Regardless, the primary goal is to have high haze and light transmission indoors. It’s worth noting that greenhouse covers have materials that have changing properties, so you might find one cover that offers multiple light transmission capacities. 

Glass generally provides the highest light transmission, while polycarbonate and polyethylene provide high haze values. Some would be a single-layer cover, but there are also inflated and double-wall panels. You may find rough, stippled, or tinted surfaces, but the bottom line is to choose the material that will transmit light well on sunny and cloudy days and still provide your crops’ light requirements. 

 

Method #3. Using coatings

Lastly, you can opt for coatings if you want a semi-permanent solution for diffusing light. An excellent example of this is whitewashing or using temporal diffusing coatings on the greenhouse during spring. You can then remove it in fall, so the potential drawback with this option is the labor in exchange for a cheaper solution on light distribution. 

It’s also possible to use coatings on an existing cover and improve light diffusion. For example, some glasses have an anti-reflective coating to help increase light transmission. If you think about it, shading the greenhouse using coatings works as an option to diffuse light. 

 

Why Is Diffusing Light In The Greenhouse Important?

 

Better temperature without blocking the lighting needs of plants

Multiple studies have proven that diffuse light in the greenhouse is advantageous and beneficial. To start, diffusing the light that enters the greenhouse lessens its intensity, so it’s less damaging to the crops. But since you aren’t shading the plants, they’ll still get their lighting requirements to conduct photosynthesis without temperature challenges. 

You will also notice how there are no greenhouse areas where some crops look weak or struggling. This is because scattering the light equally indoors prevents hot and cold spots. You’ll get a consistent quality among your crops because they won’t struggle with the temperature. 

 

Increased growth from efficient photosynthesis

The efficiency in photosynthesis of plants will also lead to a better growth rate and shorter crop time. If the light distributes well indoors, it will reach all the plants even under thick canopies. Some greenhouse growers notice how fast their production cycles get with light diffusion because of the enhanced growth rate.

The photosynthesis rate will always be optimal in the greenhouse as long as you keep the limiting factors in check. One of them is light, but it should also diffuse well indoors to prevent damages to the crops. If the plants conduct photosynthesis well, they should grow without drawbacks and cut your expected time for harvest or selling them. 

 

Better adaptability to climate

The most significant advantage of growing crops in the greenhouse is ensuring that the plants are in their ideal environment regardless of the climate. The great thing with diffusing light is you can also adapt to the external conditions. Instead of only blocking the light, you can still ensure optimal light transmission in winter. 

As mentioned earlier, some greenhouse films are meant to be permanent and adaptable to the conditions year-round. Your plants don’t have to suffer from stress in specific periods of the year, and your production cycle won’t also halt. 

 

Conclusion

More than providing light, its distribution is also as crucial for greenhouse production. But is it easy to learn how to diffuse light? There are three main methods, and all of them are relatively straightforward.

You can apply films, covers, or coatings onto your greenhouse. How you choose among these options depends on your climate and the needs of your crops. The primary trend here is to distribute the light indoors to improve photosynthesis and temperature without cutting your plants’ requirements and needs. 

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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