How To Breed Orchids. The 3 Best Ways - Krostrade

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How To Breed Orchids. The 3 Best Ways

You can learn how to breed orchids by division, back bulbs, and offshoots. Knowing how to produce flowers such as orchids is one of the best skills a gardener can have. After all, this is a sure way to have genetically similar plants and have a garden that is the neighborhood’s envy or a standout among the competition. 

Much like rooting or starting plants, you can take advantage of the benefits of a greenhouse when breeding orchids. You want to use healthy orchids for breeding and ensure the survival of the new plants, which is easier to achieve in their ideal environment. Orchids are quite picky in their location, so something that’s easy to modify like a greenhouse works to your advantage.

How To Breed Orchids. The 3 Best Ways

How To Breed Orchids To Guarantee Success

 

Division

For mature orchids that have overgrown their container, you can divide them for breeding. You can divide the new growth or lead into groups of three or more pseudobulbs, while the other group without the new development will be your back bulbs. This article will discuss the latter in more detail later on, but their main difference is the division is a group of pseudobulbs with an active lead, and you don’t need to force the eyes to break dormancy.  

To divide an orchid, you can cut through the rhizomes, and it can produce one division and two back bulbs. The ideal time to do this is after flowering before repotting the orchid. Create a notch that cuts through the rhizome in a V-shape to reach more than half of it. 

 

Back bulbs

Back bulbs are more common to use for the propagation of orchids. After all, they can have an active growth starting already. Therefore, you can immediately repot them, similar to divisions. 

However, it’s important to emphasize that this is only possible if the back bulbs have an active eye around three inches for repotting. Use this part for breeding but ensure that it is above the growing media. Place the container in an undisturbed greenhouse area and maintain moisture on the leaves and bulbs. 

You can also use pots with moss in a humid, warm, and moist location to encourage development. The dormant eyes should break after some weeks, but some can take as long as two years before becoming active. A promising sign to know if the bulbs are worth waiting for is if both bulbs and leaves are green. 

If any of the bulbs develop rot, remove them.

 

Offshoots

Another way to breed orchids is by their offshoots, and it’s perhaps the easiest way to propagate them. Offshoots or keikis are the baby orchids of the mother plant, and you can breed types like Dendrobiums this way. You’ll find the offshoots along the stem and use them for immediate breeding of orchids.

Let the offshoots mature for a while before cutting them off from the parent plant. The greenhouse is useful for ensuring that the parent plant is healthy by providing the optimal orchid environment. Afterward, treat the keiki similar to how you’ll root a back bulb. 

 

Requirements For Breeding Orchids

Once you understand the three propagation methods, the next step is learning about the other orchid requirements to guarantee breeding success. As mentioned earlier, the environment produced by a greenhouse is optimal for the orchids and convenient for the gardener to maintain. What’s left is ensuring that the pot you’re using supports the orchids’ temperamental root system. 

 

Pot and media

It should help with air circulation and the absorption of excess water to keep pathogens at bay. Afterward, prepare and use a particular medium for the pseudobulbs. Your local supply shop should have a mix meant for orchids, or you can use a growing media using perlite, moss, and bark. 

 

Temperature and humidity

As for the temperature and humidity, growing orchids indoors would be easier for maintenance. There are many varieties of orchids that differ in their growing zone, but generally, the temperature at night should be 15 degrees cooler than the day, and the humidity at 50 to 70%. This condition should help your orchids bloom later on. 

 

Feeding and watering

Lastly, you can check the right time to water by inserting a finger in the media. Like with other plants, a dry finger signals that the orchids need watering. And as for the feeding, you can fertilize once or twice a week as the orchids are just starting indoors. 

 

Conclusion

There are many advantages of using a parent plant to produce a genetically similar orchid. Therefore, learning how to breed orchids using division, back bulbs, and offshoots is a skill you shouldn’t miss out on. You can also ensure healthy parents and young plants by growing them in a greenhouse. 

Breeding your own orchids can be as easy as using keikis or offshoots growing in the parent stem. However, you can also use divisions and back bulbs. The latter requires the eyes to break dormancy first compared to divisions that are ready for planting due to their active lead.

Orchids may be intimidating to grow and breed, but understanding the methods and requirements will help you succeed. Who knows? Maybe the next time you’re here, you’ll be learning about cross-breeding orchids instead. 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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