4 Facts About How Orchids Grow in the Wild - Krostrade

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4 Facts About How Orchids Grow in the Wild

Perhaps you’ve always wanted to find out how orchids grow in the wild. Countless greens enthusiasts out there consider the orchid as one of the most sophisticated plants that have ever existed. After all, it’s easy to fall in love with the vibrant colors of those delicate orchid blooms.

 

Orchids Around the World

In case you’re not aware, there are around 25,000 to 30,000 orchid species around the world and you can find them practically anywhere except Antarctica. These plants thrive well in tropical areas such as the forests of New Guinea, Southeast Asia, and equatorial South America.

Although orchids are native to a tropical environment where the weather is mostly humid, they’ve also managed to adapt to colder temperatures. For this reason, don’t be surprised to see them growing in the Northern parts of Alaska.

The largest orchid species is called the tiger orchid (Grammatophyllum speciosum). This could grow up to 25-feet and is usually found in the wilderness of Southeast Asian countries that include Malaysia, Philippines, and Myanmar. Meanwhile, the smallest orchid species called the Platystele jungermannioides, which only measures 2.1mm wide, can be found in the forests of Ecuador.

Although these plants are able to adapt to their environment over time, they don’t handle drastic changes well. For instance, the effects of climate change have led to the loss of their habitat. As a result, orchids in the wild are being confronted with extinction both in the United States and abroad.

 

Facts About How Orchids Grow in the Wild

The next time you go on a wilderness adventure in another tropical country, don’t be surprised to see various types of orchids in the wild. Before you go, get a load of these orchid facts that you should know:

 

Fact #1. Not all orchids grow in soil

If there’s one thing you need to know about orchids, it’s the fact that not all of them grow in soil. The ones that do are called terrestrial orchids and a few examples of these include paphiopedilums and other cymbidiums. These terrestrial varieties grow well in humus-rich soil.

Most tropical orchids are epiphytic because rather than growing in soil, they attach themselves to tree bark and grow in the air. Moreover, they develop roots that are covered with a white substance called velamen, which works to absorb and store water. The orchid’s velamen also protects the roots from losing heat and moisture.

Attempting to grow epiphytes in the ground will only cause you to kill the plant. Furthermore, some orchids are aquatic while others are lithophytic, which means that they only grow on rocks.

 

Fact #2. They don’t need planting media when they’re placed under a tree

Did you know that most orchid species tend to attach themselves to a tree? This explains why they don’t need to have a special kind of planting media in order to thrive well in the wild. Once they’re attached to a tree, they get the nutrients that they need from the air, sunlight, as well as from natural rainwater.

If you want nothing more than to plant a prize orchid, you can either place it under a tree or plant it in special bark mixes that are specifically made for these types of plants.

 

Fact #3. Some orchids rely on insect pollinators

Orchids that grow in the wild reproduce in the same manner that other common garden varieties do – they rely on insect pollinators that include birds, moths, flies, bees, and butterflies. As these pollinators move from one orchid to another, they come in contact with the orchid’s pollinia or those waxy pollen sacs. The pollinia that were attached to the pollinator’s body are then transferred to the female reproductive organs of other orchids where seeds are produced.

 

Fact #4. Orchids can grow in two ways

Did you know that orchids can either grow as a monopodial or a sympodial? The monopodial orchid grows upward while the sympodial orchid grows horizontally. It’s important to note that different kinds of orchids have their own sets of unique needs in terms of sunlight, temperature, and water.

Most orchid species prefer to grow in denser and more humid areas where the light is not too intense. Furthermore, those that are native to tropical areas usually grow well when the temperature level is between 73˚F to 85˚, and when the humidity level is at 80% or 90%.

 

Benefits of Growing Plants in Greenhouses

Don’t let anything stop you from growing your orchids or any other plant in a hobby greenhouse. Aside from providing your plants with the protection that they need from harsh weather conditions such as heavy rains, blizzards, snow, sleet, hail, or high winds, having your own hobby greenhouse will also keep those pesky bugs and vermin at bay.

However, the best part of setting up a hobby greenhouse is the freedom to tend to your tender plants regardless of the weather and the season. Greenhouse gardening allows you to extend your plant’s growing period and grow plants that aren’t even native to your region!

Since greenhouse gardening allows you to manipulate the growing conditions that your plants are subjected to, you can have more control over the temperature, moisture, and light that you expose them to. In other words, you can create an ideal growing environment for your plant babies!

 

Take Away on Growing Orchids

Now that you finally figured out how orchids grow in the wild, you’re probably thinking about growing them in your very own hobby greenhouse. Embark on your greenhouse gardening journey today!

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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