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How Is Grass Pollinated

Gardener or not, curiosity will have you wondering, “how is grass pollinated?” and a quick answer to this is via the wind. Grasses belong to the family of Poaceae with an extensive list of 10,000 species. They depend on wind pollination to reproduce, and you must understand some underlying questions with this process if you want to grow them. 

While some consider grasses a problem in the greenhouse and garden, we humans benefit from their other members. They include edible food sources such as rice and wheat, ornamental grasses for landscaping, and those that we use as materials for furniture and houses. Learning how grasses pollinate will help you grow them efficiently and take advantage of their benefits. 


How Is Grass Pollinated: Is There Only One Way?

Grasses undergo wind pollination. The simplest explanation for this is because these crops can’t use seeds efficiently compared to other species. Grasses can produce many flowers, but there’s a low chance of these flowers becoming seed sources. 

With this in mind, it’s not surprising that gardeners face problems with inadequate pollination and productivity. And while some cross-pollinate their grasses, it would be more sensible to understand wind pollination to prevent losses when growing these plants. 


Wind pollination of grasses

Grasses undergo wind pollination as you would expect with species that have green flowers without sepals or petals. Another telltale sign that the species depend on wind pollination is if its flowers lack scent and color that otherwise attract insect pollinators. The parts are also more adapted for catching wind and pollen instead. 

This is because survival depends on how much pollen the plant can produce and if it has structures that can aid in carrying the pollen at a great distance. You may notice how grass flowers have large anthers and feathery stigmas to make up for more effortless reproduction. Remember that the anthers produce the pollen, while the stigmas capture the pollen. 


When do grasses pollinate?

Grass pollination mostly starts in May, but this varies depending on the species. For example, some grasses will only produce pollen from summer to fall, but some plants pollinate in spring. It’s also notable that pollination can occur earlier in the year if the spring is warm, but will happen later if the spring is cool. 

Instead of relying on a specific season, it will be easier to understand a typical grass pollination pattern. For example, it can take 4 to 10 days for pollination to spread on a cluster of flowers. The releasing of pollen starts with the proximal flowers and then ends with the distal ones. 

Therefore, if you’re wondering how long pollination can occur in a grass field, it can take 21 days or more. More so, dry weather can shorten this period, and cool weather will lengthen the pollination. Remember that high temperatures affect grass pollen viability, so it’s at its peak in the morning and gets low in the afternoon. 


What affects grass pollination?

As previously discussed, the temperature affects grass pollination, as it extends or shortens the period and dictates how early or how long until pollination starts. This can mean a change in the number of days or weeks from the pollination last year or when the pollen will be highly viable. However, you can assume that stress from humidity, drought, and nitrogen supply will also influence pollination.

The greenhouse can be a useful tool in the pollination of grasses since studies have shown the use of glazed paper bags and its positive effects in the pollination of grasses. You can also protect the crops from low humidity, drought, and rainfall, reducing seed yield and pollination using the greenhouse. 


How do grasses reproduce?

Before you get confused, grasses can still undergo sexual reproduction via seeds, and gardeners can cross-pollinate them as well. You can also reproduce grasses using stolons, rhizomes, nodes, and buds in vegetative propagation. But if you want to focus on self-pollination and cross=pollination, there are some considerations.

Not all grasses are self-compatible, but some have cleistogamous grass florets like cereal grains that will easily undergo self-pollination. On the other hand, cross-pollination is possible for monoecious and dioecious grasses, but not for dichogamous species. Lastly, the plant should have a chasmogamy system if you want to have species that allow both self-pollination and cross-pollination.



Learning about the reproduction of plants is key to having an efficient garden. But if you have grasses, you might wonder how is grass pollinated in the absence of insects. You’ll notice that the flowers in grasses are not colorful and scented to attract insect pollinators, but instead, they have defined structures.

If you put these observations altogether, you can assume that grasses utilize wind pollination. They produce a high number of pollen that should survive long distances to guarantee production. However, it’s still worth noting that some studies and gardeners use seeds and cross-pollination for grasses.

The only advantage with learning wind pollination is it’s easy and somewhat reliable, with less room for errors in the gardener’s side. More so, you can use a greenhouse to protect the grasses from factors that affect pollination. After all, the period length and when pollination starts to depend on conditions such as temperature, humidity, and rainfall. 


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How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds: Tools And Tips

Want to know how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds? Marigold flowers are a mainstay in most of the gardens. They bloom beautiful flowers all season long and they’re easy to grow from seed. Knowing how to save marigold seeds is essential if you want to continue growing them the next season.

Fortunately, harvesting marigold seeds are quite quick and easy. You only need to take the seeds from the flowers and let them air dry before storing them during the winter season. You can pack it up with a container or seed packets to save even more for the next growing season. Some of the marigold flowers are edible and best to mix in your salads to add a distinct flavor to it.


Tools You’ll Need to Harvest Marigold Flowers

The tools you’ll need to harvest marigold flowers include a basket or other available containers that can be used in harvesting flowers. You’ll also need some paper towels, a sharp knife, a pair of scissors, or gardening shears.

Since you need to evaluate or describe the process, get yourself some notes. Seed packets can be envelopes or closed-air containers excluding plastic containers and bags.


How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Here’s how you can harvest marigold plants for flower arrangements and bouquets:


Letting Marigold Flowers Dry

It’s important to wait until the right time to collect marigold seeds. You can harvest the seeds when the petals are dry already (when the base of each flower turning brownish). However, make sure there’s still is a bit of green color left in the base of the bloom. If you also wait until it is completely turned brown, it may start to rot or mold. It’s important to wait for the perfect time to harvest marigolds since the timing is crucial to have the right quality of marigold seeds.

Tip in harvesting: While you are harvesting, simply cut each marigold flower heads using your cutting equipment or either pinch it with your finger. However, be sure not to pull the flowers as it can harm the roots of your marigolds.


Opening the Marigold

Get your paper towel and set it on a flat surface. After, hold each bloom’s base, pull-off, and discard the petals and leaves of it. Then, you will easily notice the attached seeds inside the base. In the meantime, set the prepared blooms on your paper towels for bulk removal of seeds. You may also use larger towels to manage and accommodate the abundant blooms of your marigolds.


Removal of Marigold Seeds

Marigold seeds are likely to have a long, slender, and pointed appearance. Divided ends with black color and white color on the opposite edge. Gather your blooms, pull-off all petals, and leaves, and start pulling the seeds from the base. After getting all marigold seeds, discard the base in a single place like in bins or garbage bags. After sorting, put another paper towel on another flat surface and spread the pulled marigold seeds on it.


Drying of Seeds

As mentioned above, let your marigold seeds air dry for about a week in an uncovered paper towel. It will enable them to be preserved even in frost season and will prevent it from getting rot and mold.


Seed Storing

After drying the seeds, gather them and start placing them inside your seed packets to prolong their lifespan and will still be used after the frost date. Do not use plastic bags in storing your marigold seeds because it will retain residual moisture, which will affect your marigold seeds and even get rot and mold. To avoid forgetting about your marigold seeds, put a label on it to prevent possible disposal if unlabeled.


Using Stored Seeds for Replanting

After storing your collected marigold seeds, it is perfect to plant during the growing season. You can enjoy once again the benefits of it from house beautification to an edible ingredient for your salad.


Facts about Marigold Flowers

Marigolds are especially good for repelling insects and pests, making them companion plant for tomatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, and chili pepper because of its pungent scent of some variety. It is amazing having this kind of flow in your plant, imagine you don’t only have a beautiful attractive garden but having also a very natural insect and pest repellent that will protect your plants from any abrogation.

African marigolds have larger flower heads on plants that grow from 10 to 36 inches tall. While French marigolds are smaller and bushier, having only two inches of flower head across on plants and only having six to eighteen inches height. Sizes and colors vary on its classification, having a mixed combination is pretty great, will also add more pleasant and abundant color to your garden.


The Benefits of Growing Marigolds in a Greenhouse

Have you ever thought of growing your marigolds in a greenhouse? If you haven’t, it’s time to consider getting a greenhouse.

Greenhouses are great for keeping your marigolds safe from pests and diseases. Marigolds are susceptible to insects and blight, such as caterpillars, aphids, leaf spots, and mildews. You can lower the risk of plant damage by growing your marigolds in a greenhouse.

Additionally, greenhouses can also keep your plants safe from bad weather that could easily damage your flowers.


Final Thoughts on How to Harvest Marigold Flowers and Seeds

Knowing how to harvest marigold flowers and seeds is crucial if you’re planning to plant them in your garden. These beautiful flowers that usually come in yellow and orange colors are a great addition to any garden or flower arrangement.

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