How Does Water Get To Plants In A Greenhouse - Krostrade

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How Does Water Get To Plants In A Greenhouse

It’s important to learn how does water get to plants in a greenhouse via irrigation and ebb and flood systems. After all, water is a limiting factor in photosynthesis, and failure to provide it in the ideal amounts will affect your plants’ growth and health. The availability of water in the greenhouse is very crucial to its effectiveness in supporting your plants without limitation. 

Many variables can influence your water usage in the greenhouse. Depending on your area, you might have laws and restrictions to consider. The University of Massachusetts Amherst also mentioned how drought conditions are part of potential limitations that greenhouse owners should keep in mind. 

Nonetheless, this article should help you quickly know how water gets to your plants in the greenhouse. You can then use the information as a guide to planning your greenhouse better and achieve a productive garden without drawbacks related to watering.

How Does Water Get To Plants In A Greenhouse

How Does Water Get To Plants In A Greenhouse: Two Common Ways

 

Irrigation systems

The most common way to get water in the greenhouse is by irrigation systems. Generally speaking, you can classify them into drip irrigation, water trays and saucers, and zero runoff or sub-irrigation. Suppose you’re choosing an irrigation system for the greenhouse, what is the best one?

The UMass Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment recommends drip and sub-irrigation systems because of the control you have with the amount of water you can apply. 

 

Drip vs subirrigation

You won’t end up with wet foliage that can cause diseases and damages compared to using overhead sprinklers or improper hand watering with these systems. On the other hand, an overhead sprinkler system doesn’t provide water to the soil well, and only 20% reaches it. If you want to be efficient and also conserve water, an in-pot drip system will get all the water to the soil. 

You can even regulate the amount of water with a timer and flow gauge to ensure that the plants get their recommended water amounts. But what about sub-irrigation? Sub-irrigation is a good substitute for hand-watering, and it can be as simple as using capillary mats.

Put them under your plant containers, which have drip holes that will take the water back to the plant roots. This concept is a useful solution for overwatering and even reduces evaporation, common causes of fungal diseases, and rot. 

 

Ebb and flood systems

Speaking of conservation, an effective way to do so and bring water to the greenhouse plants is via ebb and flood systems. Water gets to each table via an inlet, and each table also has a hole to let water flow at a rate less than the fill. This way, the water can flow to the drainage to recirculate in the greenhouse, similar to how a flood floor collects water and reuse it for other drip lines.  

You might also have heard of the phrases, ebb and flow or flood and drain, and you can interchange them with ebb and flood systems. The concept is simple, and it is letting the water flow to your growing areas and letting it drain back to the reservoir. Hence the names, flood, and flow. 

 

What To Consider When Watering In The Greenhouse

 

Season

The season, including the temperatures and light levels, will dictate watering in the greenhouse. For example, hotter days can quickly dry out the soil compared to rainy and cloudy days. This is why when the temperature and conditions are cold and wet; you want to water in the day, so the plants are dry in the evening and avoid mildew.

Another good tip is when the season has the sun out long, and then the plants need more water. On the contrary, you might not even need to water or irrigate in the winter. 

 

When to water

Besides the season, knowing when to water using signs are crucial to prevent over- or under-watering. The easiest way to tell that you need to water is when the medium surface looks lighter than its usual color. To further make sure, you should squeeze some of the soil or medium, and if it crumbles or feels dry, then it’s a good signal.

 

How much water is need

Every plant has its own watering needs, and some will even show signs of dehydration. In the greenhouse, you can also apply low volumes of water at intervals to prevent flooding the medium. Otherwise, it’s also common to saturate the medium and then let it do the work as it retains moisture. 

Either technique requires the medium to dry out between waterings completely. Just remember that you should always be diligent and observant as some plants may dry out faster while some may get saturated. 

 

Conclusion

The greenhouse makes it easy for gardeners to provide the ideal growing conditions and plants’ requirements regardless of location. However, this makes you wonder, how does water get to plants in a greenhouse? Irrigation systems and ebb and flood systems are the two most common ways to water your plants indoors. 

Both are generally efficient and allow conservation that can prevent problems compared to traditional watering methods. But whichever system you choose, remember to consider the season, when to water, and how much water your plants need. This way, you can prevent problems with watering and experience no drawbacks in plant production. 

 

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How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

How to Start an Avocado Farm: 4 Things to Remember

Are you interested to learn how to start an avocado farm? Embarking on this journey requires time, effort, and commitment. Plus, you need to consider a number of factors including soil preparation, as well as weather conditions.

You’re probably aware that avocado trees or Persea spp, are originally from Mexico. This explains why one of the famous Mexican cuisines include avocado-based guacamole.

You can choose to grow avocado trees indoors or outdoors. If you plan to grow them in a hobby greenhouse or at home, all you have to do is to sow the seeds in pots. When they’re grown outdoors, avocado trees can grow up to 40 feet. You can al

Moreover, these trees thrive well in regions where the weather is mostly warm and sunny. However, don’t expect them to grow in areas that experience extreme temperatures during the summer and winter.

 

Avocado: The Superfood

Did you know that the global demand for avocados has been steadily increasing? Aside from the fact that its fruit is known for its full, buttery flavor and rich texture, it’s also packed with loads of essential nutrients that are good for your body.

A single serving of avocado fruit contains vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, potassium, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, and vitamin A.  It also has protein, fiber, and healthy fats. If you’re on a low-carb plant food diet, you’d want to incorporate avocados into your diet.

 

What are the Growing Requirements of an Avocado Tree?

Since avocado trees need to be grown in warm semi-humid climates, they only grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 to 11. However, it’s important to note that while avocado trees may be grown in those zones, they don’t always thrive well in areas that get extremely hot during the summer or frosty, chilly, or snowy in the winter. This implies that the ideal environment for an avocado tree should have moderate temperatures all-year-round.

 

What are the 3 Primary Groups of Avocado Trees?

If you’re planning to start an avocado farm, you need to know the 3 main groups of avocado trees: Guatemalan, West Indian, and Mexican. Each type has its own ideal growing range.

 

Guatemalan Avocados

A Guatemalan avocado is known for its hard skin that features plenty of warts.

 

West Indian Avocados

This type of avocado tends to flourish in warm climates. Unlike the Guatemalan avocado, a West Indian avocado has thin and shiny skin and could weigh up to 5 pounds.

 

Mexican Avocados

A Mexican avocado thrives well in tropical highland areas. Compared to the other avocado groups, the Mexican avocado is more tolerant of cold weather. In fact, it can manage to survive even when temperatures drop to 26˚F.

Moreover, this type of avocado produces smaller fruit that weighs less than a single pound and its skin has a distinct papery-smoothness to it.

 

Expert Tips on How to Start an Avocado Farm

Unless you’re willing to take on a long-term project, spend a considerable amount of money on planting, and wait for a period of 3 to 5 years for your first harvest, don’t get into avocado farming. However, if you’re willing to go through the whole nine yards to enjoy top yields for many years, check out this guide:

 

Tip #1: Plant them in areas where the temperatures are consistently cool

Be sure to plant your avocado trees in cool temperatures that can range between 68˚F to 75˚F on a daily basis to avoid fruit drop. However, when they’re flowering, or when they’re starting to bear fruit, the humidity levels shouldn’t go below 50% at midday.

 

Tip #2: They don’t like wind

In case you’re not aware, avocado trees have brittle branches that easily snap off. For this reason, it’s best not to plant them in areas that are mostly windy because wind can cause considerable damage to their fruit.

 

Tip #3: Most of them need proper irrigation

If your avocados are rain-fed, they need to have at least 1,000 mm rainfall spread out throughout each year. Before their flowering season, avocado trees require a drier season that lasts for about 2 months. On a weekly basis, avocado trees need about 25 mm water.

It’s extremely important to test the quality of irrigation water because if its pH and bicarbonates are really high, they trigger a build-up of free lime in the soil. You also need to remember that high levels of sodium and chloride can have a negative impact on your avocado plants.

Since the plant’s roots are shallow, the ideal way to apply water is via a micro-sprinkler or drip. This ensures an even distribution throughout the avocado tree’s root area.

Moreover, proper moisture control needs to be ensured in the root zone because this area tends to easily dry up.

 

Tip #4: Determine the soil’s suitability and prepare it accordingly

You can’t just plant an avocado seed on soil that hasn’t been prepared accordingly. To prepare the soil for planting, you need to dig soil profile pits throughout your farm. Make sure that the pits are 1.5 m deep.

Only a single put per ha is required. However, you need to dig more pits if the location is non-homogenous or hilly. Check the color of the soil, its texture, structure, patches, sitting water, concretions, hardpans, stones, and gravel.

 

 

Grow Your Avocado Trees in a Hobby Greenhouse!

Since avocado trees require specific levels of temperature and humidity, you’ll find it easier to grow them in a hobby greenhouse. The enclosed space allows you to customize the environment to meet the needs of your plants. What’s more, it protects them from strong winds and the constant threat of pests.

Learning how to start an avocado farm outdoors is great, but growing them inside a hobby greenhouse is even better.

 

 

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